美国将建全球最大的二氧化碳去除工厂

原标题:美国将建全球最大的二氧化碳去除工厂

    中国石化新闻网讯 据烃加工在线8月19日消息,由美国石油和天然气生产商西方石油公司支持的一家新合资企业将开发有史以来最大的通过直接空气捕获(direct air capture)过程将二氧化碳从大气中抽走的工厂。

    西方石油公司的风险投资部门Oxy Low Carbon Ventures LLC与专注于可持续发展的私募股权公司Rusheen资本管理公司成立了一家公司,授权获得加拿大碳工程公司开发的直接空气捕获(DAC)技术。

    近年来,从寻求抵消自身气候影响的企业,到担心国际减排协议进展缓慢的政府官员,对DAC的兴趣日益浓厚。

    然而,像DAC这样的碳去除技术的成本很高,而且它们还没有大规模应用。

    这家名为1PointFive的新公司将在德克萨斯州二叠纪盆地开发一个占地100英亩的工厂。公司在一份联合声明中表示,该计划的目标是每年从大气中捕获最多100万吨的二氧化碳。

    该工厂的建设将于2022年开始,以便有时间改进工厂设计并降低成本。该项目将在市场上寻求融资。

    德克萨斯州工厂捕获的二氧化碳将被储存在地下,用于增加油田的压力和加速生产。

    该项目将受益于旨在刺激碳捕获和封存项目投资的联邦税收抵免。

    碳工程公司在不列颠哥伦比亚省有一家利用该技术的试点工厂,自2015年以来一直在运营。

    张春晓 摘译自 烃加工在线

    原文如下:

    Occidental-backed company will build new U.S. CO2 removal plant

    A new venture backed by U.S. oil and gas producer Occidental Petroleum Corp will develop the largest ever facility to pull carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere through a process known as direct air capture, the companies said.

    Occidental’s venture capital arm, Oxy Low Carbon Ventures LLC, has formed a company with sustainability-focused private equity firm Rusheen Capital Management LLC to license the direct air capture (DAC) technology developed by Canada’s Carbon Engineering.

    Interest in DAC has grown in recent years, from companies seeking to offset their climate impact to public officials worried about the slow pace of international agreements to cut emissions.

    The cost of carbon-removal technologies like DAC however is high, and they have yet to be deployed on a mass scale. Environmentalists have also argued that they reflect a lack of resolve to end the use of fossil fuels.

    The new company, 1PointFive, will develop a facility located on 100 acres in Texas’ Permian Basin. It aims to capture up to 1 million metric tons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere a year, the companies said in a joint statement.

    Construction will begin in 2022, allowing time to improve plant design and reduce costs. The project will seek financing in the market.

    Carbon dioxide captured at the Texas facility will be stored underground and used to increase pressure in the oil field and speed up production.

    The project will benefit from a federal tax credit designed to spur investment in carbon capture and sequestration projects.

    Carbon Engineering has a pilot plant in British Columbia that has been operating since 2015.

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